Researchers routinely find that wind energy has one of the lowest impacts on wildlife and their habitats of any utility-scale way to generate electricity. Wind turbines have a limited footprint, leaving 98 percent of the land undisturbed and available for wildlife habitat, farming, ranching, or recreation. Wind power reduces air pollution, including nitrogen oxides, sulfur oxides, and mercury, which harm both humans and wildlife. Wind energy does not require water and has no impacts on water quality.
And wind power requires no fuel extraction, a leading source of habitat disruption That’s why many wildlife groups support responsibly sited wind farms. Still, the wind industry is committed to reducing its comparatively small impact. For example, while wind energy is responsible for less than 0.01 percent of human-caused bird fatalities, the industry is taking active steps to push that figure even lower.